Name: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

Author: Borgnakke and Sonntag

Edition: 7th edition

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Author: Borgnakke and Sonntag

Edition: 7th edition

Name: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

Author: Borgnakke and Sonntag

Edition: 7th edition

##
Contents:

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Author: Borgnakke and Sonntag

Edition: 7th edition

2 SOME CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS

2.1 A Thermodynamic System and the
Control Volume

2.2 Macroscopic Versus Microscopic
Point of View

2.3 Properties and State of a
Substance

2.4 Processes and Cycles

2.5 Units for Mass, Length, Time,
and Force

2.6 Energy

2.7 Specific Volume and Density

2.8 Pressure

2.9 Equality of Temperature

2.10 The Zeroth Law of
Thermodynamics

2.11 Temperature Scales

2.12 Engineering Appilication

3 PROPERTIES OF A PURE SUBSTANCE

3.1 The Pure Substance

3.2 Vapor-Liquid-Solid-Phase Equilibrium
in a Pure Substance

3.3 Independent Properties of a Pure
Substance

3.4 Tables of Thermodynamic
Properties

3.5 Thermodynamic Surfaces

3.6 The P–V–T Behavior of Low- and
Moderate-Density Gases

3.7 The Compressibility Factor

3.8 Equations of State

3.9 Computerized Tables

3.10 Engineering Applications

4 WORK AND HEAT

4.1 Definition of Work

4.2 Units for Work

4.3 Work Done at the Moving Boundary
of a Simple Compressible

System

4.4 Other Systems that Involve Work

4.5 Concluding Remarks Regarding
Work

4.6 Definition of Heat

4.7 Heat Transfer Modes

4.8 Comparison of Heat and Work

4.9 Engineering Applications

5 THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

5.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
for a Control Mass Undergoing a Cycle

5.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics
for a Change in State of a Control

Mass

5.3 Internal Energy—A Thermodynamic
Property

5.4 Problem Analysis and Solution
Technique

5.5 The Thermodynamic Property
Enthalpy

5.6 The Constant-Volume and Constant-Pressure
Specific Heats

5.7 The Internal Energy, Enthalpy,
and Specific Heat of Ideal Gases

5.8 The First Law as a Rate Equation

5.9 Conservation of Mass

5.10 Engineering Applications

6 FIRST-LAW ANALYSIS FOR A CONTROL
VOLUME

6.1 Conservation of Mass and the
Control Volume,

6.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics
for a Control Volume,

6.3 The Steady-State Process,

6.4 Examples of Steady-State
Processes,

6.5 The Transient Process,

6.6 Engineering Applications,

7 THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

7.1 Heat Engines and Refrigerators,

7.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics,

7.3 The Reversible Process,

7.4 Factors that Render Processes
Irreversible,

7.5 The Carnot Cycle,

7.6 Two Propositions Regarding the
Efficiency of a Carnot Cycle,

7.7 The Thermodynamic Temperature
Scale,

7.8 The Ideal-Gas Temperature Scale,

7.9 Ideal versus Real Machines,

7.10 Engineering Applications

8 ENTROPY

8.1 The Inequality of Clausius

8.2 Entropy—A Property of a System

8.3 The Entropy of a Pure Substance,

8.4 Entropy Change in Reversible
Processes,

8.5 The Thermodynamic Property
Relation,

8.6 Entropy Change of a Solid or
Liquid,

8.7 Entropy Change of an Ideal Gas,

8.8 The Reversible Polytropic
Process for an Ideal Gas

8.9 Entropy Change of a Control Mass
During an Irreversible Process,

8.10 Entropy Generation,

8.11 Principle of the Increase of
Entropy,

8.12 Entropy as a Rate Equation,

8.13 Some General Comments about
Entropy and Chaos,

9 SECOND-LAW ANALYSIS FOR A CONTROL
VOLUME

9.1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
for a Control Volume,

9.2 The Steady-State Process and the
Transient Process,

9.3 The Steady-State Single-Flow
Process,

9.4 Principle of the Increase of
Entropy,

9.5 Engineering Applications;
Efficiency,

9.6 Summary of General Control
Volume Analysis,

10 IRREVERSIBILITY AND AVAILABILITY

10.1 Available Energy, Reversible
Work, and Irreversibility,

10.2 Availability and Second-Law
Efficiency,

10.3 Exergy Balance Equation,

10.4 Engineering Applications

11 POWER AND REFRIGERATION
SYSTEMS—WITHPHASE CHANGE

11.1 Introduction to Power Systems,

11.2 The Rankine Cycle,

11.3 Effect of Pressure and Temperature
on the Rankine Cycle,

11.4 The Reheat Cycle,

11.5 The Regenerative Cycle,

11.6 Deviation of Actual Cycles from
Ideal Cycles,

11.7 Cogeneration,

11.8 Introduction to Refrigeration
Systems,

11.9 The Vapor-Compression
Refrigeration Cycle,

11.10 Working Fluids for
Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems,

11.11 Deviation of the Actual
Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle from the Ideal Cycle,

11.12 Refrigeration Cycle
Configurations,

11.13 The Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration
Cycle,

12 POWER AND REFRIGERATION
SYSTEMS—GASEOUS WORKING FLUIDS

12.1 Air-Standard Power Cycles,

12.2 The Brayton Cycle,

12.3 The Simple Gas-Turbine Cycle
with a Regenerator,

12.4 Gas-Turbine Power Cycle
Configurations,

12.5 The Air-Standard Cycle for Jet
Propulsion,

12.6 The Air-Standard Refrigeration
Cycle,

12.7 Reciprocating Engine Power
Cycles, 12.8 The Otto Cycle,

12.9 The Diesel Cycle,

12.10 The Stirling Cycle,

12.11 The Atkinson and Miller
Cycles,

12.12 Combined-Cycle Power and
Refrigeration Systems,

13 GAS MIXTURES

13.1 General Considerations and
Mixtures of Ideal Gases,

13.2 A Simplified Model of a Mixture
Involving Gases and a Vapor,

13.3 The First Law Applied to
Gas-Vapor Mixtures,

13.4 The Adiabatic Saturation
Process,

13.5 Engineering
Applications—Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperatures and the Psychrometric Chart,

14 THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

14.1 The Clapeyron Equation,

14.2 Mathematical Relations for a
Homogeneous Phase,

14.3 The Maxwell Relations,

14.4 Thermodynamic Relations
Involving Enthalpy, Internal Energy, and Entropy,

14.5 Volume Expansivity and Isothermal and
Adiabatic Compressibility,

14.6 Real-Gas Behavior and Equations
of State

14.7 The Generalized Chart for
Changes of Enthalpy at Constant Temperature,

14.8 The Generalized Chart for
Changes of Entropy at Constant Temperature,

14.9 The Property Relation for
Mixtures,

14.10 Pseudopure Substance Models
for Real-Gas Mixtures,

14.11 Engineering
Applications—Thermodynamic Tables

15 CHEMICAL REACTIONS

15.1 Fuels,

15.2 The Combustion Process,

15.3 Enthalpy of Formation,

15.4 First-Law Analysis of Reacting
Systems,

15.5 Enthalpy and Internal Energy of
Combustion; Heat of Reaction,

15.6 Adiabatic Flame Temperature,

15.7 The Third Law of Thermodynamics
and Absolute Entropy,

15.8 Second-Law Analysis of Reacting
Systems,

15.9 Fuel Cells,

15.10 Engineering Applications,

16 INTRODUCTION TO PHASE AND
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM 672

16.1 Requirements for Equilibrium,

16.2 Equilibrium Between Two Phases
of a Pure Substance,

16.3 Metastable Equilibrium,

16.4 Chemical Equilibrium,

16.5 Simultaneous Reactions,

16.6 Coal Gasification,

16.7 Ionization,

16.8 Applications,

17 COMPRESSIBLE FLOW

17.1 Stagnation Properties,

17.2 The Momentum Equation for a
Control Volume,

17.3 Forces Acting on a Control
Surface,

17.4 Adiabatic, One-Dimensional,
Steady-State Flow of an Incompressible Fluid through a Nozzle,

17.5 Velocity of Sound in an Ideal
Gas,

17.6 Reversible, Adiabatic,
One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas through a Nozzle,

17.7 Mass Rate of Flow of an Ideal
Gas through an Isentropic Nozzle,

17.8 Normal Shock in an Ideal Gas
Flowing through a Nozzle

17.9 Nozzle and Diffuser
Coefficients,

17.10 Nozzle and Orifices as
Flow-Measuring Devices,

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